Of the Turkic languages, Turkish or Istanbul Turkish is the most widely spoken language. The language is spoken by between 10 and 15 million native speakers across Southeast Europe. In Western Asia, the language is spoken by 60-65 million native speakers.
The Ottoman Empire used the Turkish language as an administrative and literary language, a factor that greatly influenced the spread and adoption of the language in various parts of Asia and Europe. The extensive agglutination and vowel harmony are among the most characteristic elements of the language.
The country has produced some of the world’s most renowned poets, philosophers, and other artists. Rumi is an example of the great minds that were produced in the region. He was a jurist, poet, Islamic scholar Sufi mystic and theologian. While most of his work was written in Persian, there are a number that were written in Arabic and Turkish. His poetic work includes the Maṭnawīye Ma’nawī and the Dīwān-e Kabīr.
He also had a couple of Pros works that included Fihi Ma Fihi, Majāles-e Sab’a, and Makatib. He was a member of the transcendental philosophers who studied in traditional schools together. An Islam scholar, Rumi took the religion quite seriously. He asserted the supremacy of Islam on several occasions and with many references.
Turkey has been home to many influential philosophers over the years. Some of the most popular philosophers from the territory include:
- Michael Psellos
- Theodore Metochites
- Georgius Gemistus
- George Amiroutzes
- Riza Tevfik Bölükbaşı
- Prince Sabahaddin
Just to mention a few.
These philosophers made great contributions on different fronts. While some of them focused on religion, others diversified their focus into various other topics. Having produced numerous philosophers and artists, Turkey has contributed considerably to the arts scene, not only in Asia but the rest of the world at large.