Five Most Popular Ancient Cities of Turkey

Turkey has always been favored by civilizations due to its geographical location bridging Europe and Asia. The region, also known as Anatolia, has seen the rise and fall of some of the world’s greatest empires, including Rome, Byzantium, and the Ottoman Empire. Each civilization had disappeared, leaving its imprint on the land. Nowadays, they appear as mesmerizing ancient cities of the country. If you like historical sites, Turkey is the place for you. Here are the five most popular five ancient cities of Turkey.


Ephesus, located in Izmir, Turkey, is one of the most popular ancient cities of Turkey. The site is the legacy of the Roman Empire, and its history dates back to the 10th century BC. Ephesus was on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. The site includes the ruins of the Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Library of Celsus, the Great Theatre, and the House of Virgin Mary. According to legend, this ancient city was founded by the Amazon tribe, a group of female warriors, and it was named after their Queen Ephesia.

Hierapolis (Pamukkale)

The masterpiece of nature, Pamukkale is a town in the province of Denizli on Turkey’s southwestern coast that stands over the ruins of the ancient and sacred city Hierapolis. These are white travertines and mineral-rich thermal springs. It includes the ancient city of Hierapolis, Cleopatra’s pool, St. Philip Martyrium and Gravesite, Natural Park, Kaklik Cave, Laodikeia Ancient City, Temple of Apollo, Necropolis, and beautiful waterfalls. 


In 1995, Klaus Schmidt made one of the most amazing archaeological discoveries of all time. 12,000 years old giant carved stones, were crafted and arranged by prehistoric people who had not yet developed metal tools and pottery. Göbekli Tepe is located in Şanlurfa, Turkey’s southeastern region, and is one of the oldest civilization imprints on the earth. Göbekli Tepe is the birthplace of humanity’s civilization. The discovery of Göbekli Tepe altered human history. If you ever come to visit Turkey, this is one of the destinations you definitely need to visit.


Aspendos, located in Antalya’s district Serik, was an ancient commercial town dating back to 10 B.C. Aspendos includes one of the best-preserved ancient theatres. Even today, the amphitheater can still hold up to 12 thousand people and has very developed acoustic features. Here is a widely-known fun fact about Aspendos amphitheater: If you toss a coin right in the center, it resonates and can be heard from back of the theatre.


Assos is an ancient town in the Çanakkale Province’s Ayvacik district. Assos ancient city was founded in the sixth century B.C. The Temple of Athena, built on the acropolis, is a popular tourist destination for both local and international visitors. In terms of scenery, Assos and the Temple of Athena are among the best places to visit. You can add Assos to your list of must-see destinations.

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