Turkey is not only famous for its cuisine but also for its historical places. The country has been the birthplace of many great civilizations and empires for its more than 10,000-year history and each of them has left its heritage. When visiting Turkey, from the neolithic period to the magnificent cities of the classical and middle ages, you can visit all of the historical places in Turkey. Here are the five historical tourist attractions that are worth seeing in Turkey.
Gobeklitepe is an archaeological site located on the eastern side of Turkey in the province of Sanliurfa and was discovered by Klaus Schmidt in 1995. Giant carved stones, designed by prehistoric people who had not yet developed metal tools, date back to 12,000 years. The megaliths in Gobeklitepe are 7,000 years older than Stonehenge. Without a doubt, Gobeklitepe is one of the most important archaeological discoveries.
2- Ephesus Archaeological Museum
Ephesus is about 80 kilometers south of Izmir, on the western coast of the Aegean Sea, and was founded in 10th BC. The city was one of the most important Greek cities for trading. Ephesus has been attacked numerous times throughout history and has changed hands several times between conquerors. It now serves as an archaeological museum with well-preserved ruins around it. If you ever visit Izmir, spare some time to see this magnificent ancient city.
3- Hagia Sophia
The Hagia Sophia is a popular tourist attraction in Istanbul’s Sultan Ahmet square. Hagia Sophia has been a notable landmark and one of the most visited places in Istanbul for many years, as it is a holy site for both Christians and Muslims. The structure was built as a monastery around 1500 years ago and it serves as a museum and mosque in the present day.
4- Anzac Cove
ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. Anzac Cove is a small cove located on Turkey’s Gallipoli Peninsula. The name of the cove comes from World War I ANZAC’s landing on the 25th April 1915. It is a significant memorial site for the people who have connections with World War I. You can hear all the tragic history of World War I by reading Ataturk’s words on the cove.
5- The Basilica Cistern
The Basilica Cistern is one of the most visited historical places in Turkey. The cistern is located in Sultanahmet Square that is very close to the Hagia Sophia and the Blue Mosque. The cistern was built by Emperor Justinian around 532 AD and would have stored 80,000 cubic meters of water at a time that was enough to supply the entire city.